Types Of Land Excavation

Trees can improve the aesthetics of your property, prevent soil erosion and provide shade and fruits. However, if you're planning a landscape construction project on your property, you need to clear the trees and any vegetation to pave the way for your construction. Therefore, land excavation may be necessary. The process entails digging the ground to eliminate dirt, stumps, or debris using excavators or explosives. However, there are various excavating methods, and you need to choose an appropriate technique. Here are the different lot excavation methods to consider.

Topsoil Excavation

Topsoil land excavation entails the removal of the topmost layer of the soil. During the process, excavation services eliminate any vegetation, decaying materials, or soil from beneath the surface. The excavation enables setting solid landscape foundations that can last for years if installed correctly.

Rock Excavation

Rock excavation is more complex than topsoil excavation as you need to loosen the rocks that may block your construction from the ground before eliminating them. Therefore, excavation services usually use machines such as bulldozers to supply the force needed to break or rip the rocks. Alternatively, the professionals may drill holes in the ground and place explosives. Then, the professionals detonate the explosive devices to blast the rocks.

Stripping Excavation

Stripping or cut and fill land excavation is ideal for clearing large areas for landscape construction. The process involves eliminating the top layers of the soil, debris, and unwanted materials. Excavation services usually use these materials to fill other areas on the construction site. For instance, the professionals can use the topsoil to elevate a different part of the land under construction. However, when using these materials on the foundation, you must compact them to avoid settling, resulting in foundation cracks.

Footing Excavation

When performing land excavation, you disturb the ground, risking the collapse of the soil in surrounding areas. Therefore, some structures on the excavation site may sink or collapse. Fortunately, footing excavation involves pouring concrete and giving it enough time to set before excavating the land. This provides support for these structures.

Earth Excavation

Earth excavation entails removing the layer of the soil below the topsoil. This is essential when building drainages or setting foundations for bridges. You can quickly break down the earth and incorporate it into your construction in thin layers or load it into trucks for removal from the construction site.

The common land excavation methods include topsoil, earth, rock, stripping, and footing excavation. Consider these methods when clearing your land for your landscape construction project.